Many people wonder anxiously about which type of job they'll like, or how they can break into the career of their dreams. Surprisingly, very few people ever take advantage of one of the best ways to answer their questions about careers: asking the workers already in them.
Talking to people about their jobs and asking them for advice is called informational interviewing, a term coined by career counselor and author Richard Bolles. And the technique usually works very well for people exploring careers. Stories abound of students who used informational interviewing to decide among occupations, or to find a way to convert their interests into a paying job.
Some people who conduct informational interviews discover their dream job isn't so dreamy after all. By learning the truth in time, they can change course and find a career that suits them; others have their career goals confirmed.
Informational interviewing can be as simple as striking up conversations with friends or others about their occupations. But taking full advantage of this career exploration tool requires a more methodical approach.
The what and why of informational interviews. An informational interview is a brief meeting between a person who wants to investigate a career and a person working in that career. The interviews usually last 20 to 30 minutes; their purpose is not to get a job. Instead, the goal is to find out about jobs you may like — to see if they fit your interests, skills and personality.
Specifically, such interviews can help you:
Informational interviews also provide an inside look at an organization you may want to work for in the future. And these interviews aid in polishing communication skills, helping job-seekers gain confidence and poise before facing any high-pressure job interviews.
Decide whom to interview. Before selecting someone to interview, you'll need to decide which occupations you want to learn more about.
You may already have some ideas about the kinds of work you want to do, but if you are stymied, consider visiting a career or guidance counselor. He or she can help you clarify your interests, favorite skills and goals for earnings, work-setting and future education. Career guidance tests also can produce lists of careers that match one's temperament. Browsing occupational descriptions online, including those in the U.S. Department of Labor's Occupational Outlook Handbook and O*NET  occupational database, is another good way to identify careers, as is reading books written by career experts.
Additional detailed information is available from professional associations and trade magazines. The more you research possible occupations, the better your questions will be when conducting informational interviews.
After identifying a few possible occupations, it is time to choose people to interview. Look for people actually working in the occupations you are considering. These people probably know more about what the work is like than human resources specialists or hiring managers do. It's also important to choose people with the same level of responsibility you would have if you entered the occupation. If you would be working in an entry-level job, interview workers who are at or close to entry level rather than interviewing supervisors.
How can you find these people? The easiest way to start is to ask people you already know. Family members, friends, teachers or past co-workers may work in the occupation you want to explore, or they may know people who do.
Career centers and alumni offices of high schools or colleges are another good source of contacts. These offices usually keep track of graduates and their occupations. Many schools maintain lists of graduates who have agreed to give informational interviews. Schools also may have the names of other community members who have offered to provide career assistance.
In addition, professional associations maintain membership directories and often publish them. Many also produce trade magazines and newsletters describing the activities of specific members. These members might be potential interview subjects. Speaking to association administrators can be useful, as well. They often know a few members who are especially willing to talk with students and career changers.
Interviewees also can be found by contacting businesses and organizations that hire the types of workers you hope to consult. To find a person to interview, call an organization and ask to speak with the human resources department or another appropriate office. If a caller wants to interview a graphic designer, for instance, he or she could ask for the design department.
Make contact. After finding people to consult, you are ready to arrange interviews. Contact the people you hope to meet, and ask to speak with them briefly about their careers, making it clear that you want information; not a job.
For most people, this is the most difficult part of the process. Asking strangers for career help can be daunting, and some people wonder why anyone would agree to be interviewed.
In fact, many people are willing to help students and career-changers explore occupations. People often like talking about themselves and their careers. Some are happy to advance their profession by encouraging others to enter it. And a few found their own careers as a result of informational interviews and are eager to pass on their good fortune. Even if some people are not willing or able to talk with you, chances are that others will be. Also, as standard practice, many employers recommend that their managers conduct a certain number of informational interviews every month.
There are three main ways to arrange for an interview:
Be prepared to meet resistance. Some people might think you are calling for a job. You should reassure them that you are only exploring careers. Other people might say they have no time to talk. Being careful not to be too forceful, you might ask if there is a better time to call. Suggesting a telephone interview instead of an in-person meeting is another option. With a phone interview, you lose the chance to see the work environment but gain speed and convenience.
If people still cannot speak with you, some career counselors suggest asking them if they know of anyone else who might be able to help. Also, a good rule of thumb is to make three attempts at contacting someone you are interested in interviewing. After three tries, it's best to move on to the next name on your list.
Article courtesy Military.com .