You're working, and you've got a family that depends on you - both now and down the road. Where do you invest your money? Do you borrow against the equity in your house? Through a preferred provider relationship with USAA, The American Legion can provide expert financial advice to just about any question.
Our best advice is to pull all your paperwork together and find a qualified CPA to help you answer the question. Generally speaking, a 1099-S normally shows the gross proceeds from the sale of a real estate transaction. In the situation you outline, the appropriate question seems to be whether or not there was a capital gain as the result of the sale. Typically, the cost basis on a transfer at death would be the value of the property on the date of the owner’s death.
However, it may be that your mother-in-law gifted some or all of the property to her daughters (by transferring in full or adding them to the title of the house) while she was still alive. With a gift, the cost basis remains that of the original owner. Depending on how things played out, there could be very little in terms of tax implications. But this seems like a good time to enlist the help of an expert.